Form and Universal in Aristotle
ARCA 4. ISBN 978-0-905205-05-2. Paper, vi+89. Publ. 1981. (repr. 2006)
It would be difficult to overstate the importance of Aristotle for a number of intellectual disciplines from Antiquity into the Middle Ages and beyond. However, Aristotle's philosophical ideas - both in themselves and as they were re-worked by later commentators - remain a subject of lively debate among contemporary philosophers and scholars.
Form and Universal in Aristotle is a contribution to this controversy, offering the first full-length case against a conventional picture which presents Aristotle as holding an in re theory of universals. Chapters 1-3 argue that forms as such are not universals but particular and identical with particular things. Chapter 4 explains how Alexander of Aphrodisias filled some gaps in this theory and was followed by the Neoplatonic commentators. Excursuses at various points in the book suggest a bearing of this approach on other philosophical difficulties in Aristotle, such as the nature of thought, the extent of God's thought, and the functions of matter.
I: An Alternative to the Conventional Picture
II: The Direct Evidence
Excursus on thought: the concept of 'thinking' X
Implications for God's thinking
A problem about the intellect in habitu
Return to the main thesis
III: The Indirect Evidence
Excursus on matter
How a substance is a particular form
The status of accidental forms
A philosophical assessment
IV: Part I.
Alexander of Aphrodisia
Uniform account of universals
The problem of abstraction
The extent of the prime mover's thinking
Objections to the genus as matter
Part II. The Neoplatonic Commentators
Three types of universal
Accidental forms and the principle of individuation
Appendix: Illustrative Texts
Universals and definitions
Universals post rem
A Neoplatonic criticism
Bibliography; Index of Passages; General Index
Philosophical Books 23 (1982) 151-2 (Julia Annan). "This is an excellent book, from which anyone interested in Aristotle or in problems of universals will learn much. Long gestation has (greatly to Lloyd's credit) refined rather than inflated the book, which is short and clear in outline, and, unlike most treatments of Aristotle on form, enjoyable to read."
Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 14 (1989) 83-104, review article by Klaus Brinkmann, 'Neue Literatur zur Metaphysik des Aristoteles' (on Lloyd, pp.86-88)
Review of Metaphysics 35 (1981) (Joseph Owens) "Author and press are to be congratulated on an excellent piece of work"
Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 68 (1986) 200-202 (Walter Leszl)
Classical Review 32 (1982) 44-8 (Robert Heinaman)
Greece and Rome 29 (1982) 100